Torbeed Liquid FAQ

Torbeed Liquid FAQ

Torbeed Liquid is a mycotoxin binder designed to bind with mycotoxins before they can be absorbed through an animal’s digestive system. 

Please review the list of Frequently Asked Questions below. If you have further questions please feel free to contact our Sales Team.

Technical Questions

Mycotoxins are created as by-products (metabolites) of mould and fungal growth. These are sometimes referred to as “toxic mould”. These metabolites can cause a toxic response known as mycotoxicosis.

There is a broad range of symptoms and effects from mycotoxin poisoning as their chemical compositions can vary considerably. To date, there are more than 250 types of mycotoxins that have been identified, produced by many different species of fungi and mould.

A class of mycotoxins that are commonly found in pig and poultry feed are called aflatoxins. These can have serious implications for meat bird production and are known to transfer in measurable quantities to both egg whites and yolks.

Other types of fungal infection in feed may also be present along with the toxins they produce. Another common class of mycotoxins are called trichothecenes. These consist of over 100 known toxic chemicals, including the T2 and HT2 toxins.

Birds affected by mycotoxin poisoning may drop dead with little signs of illness.

The following are a few of the potential symptoms:

  • Birds may be depressed, appear thirsty and pant, but seldom make the gurgling sounds common to other respiratory diseases.
  • Dead birds are usually emaciated and their lungs may contain small abscesses of about 1-2mm in diameter.
  • They exhibit an overall reduction in bodyweight and feed conversion.
  • Intestinal tract is characterised by red streaks.
  • Enlarged livers, spleen, heart, and pancreas.

Yes they are.

The combination of relative humidity (RH) above 50% and ambient temperature above 20°C greatly increases the likelihood of mould growth. Toxic mould is generally resistant to heat and grow rapidly even if temperatures rise further. However, even at low temperatures, mould growth continues. Some moulds are capable of producing toxins at temperatures approaching freezing.

Torbeed Liquid may help to control the digestive adsorption of poisonous substances produced by moulds and fungus (mycotoxins).

Torbeed Liquid contains the active ingredient poly1-(2-oxo-l-pyrroli-dinyl)ethylene at 30%. It is a synthetic water-soluble adsorbent based upon polymer technology.

Some of the most common effects of aflatoxin poisoning in poultry are:

  • Poor growth and lower feed conversion.
  • Increased mortality.
  • Reduced carcass fat.
  • Impaired blood coagulation and increased susceptibility to bruising.
  • Impaired kidney function.
  • Altered immune mechanisms resulting in vaccine failures.
  • Increased susceptibility to infections.
  • Decreased ability to resist stress.
  • Smaller eggs, lower egg production and paler egg yolks.
  • Lower hatchability.
  • Fatty liver syndrome and liver & kidney lesions.
  • Decreased semen volume and testes weight.
  • Abnormal behaviour.
  • Altered feathering.
  • Kidney disorders.
  • Leg & bone problems.
  • Decreased blood-clotting results in greater downgrading and condemnation of the birds.
  • Less carcass pigmentation.

T2 and HT2 toxin poisoning can cause the following effects in poultry:

  • Lesions at the edge of the beak and oral lesions.
  • Altered feathering in birds, including abnormal feathering in chicks.
  • A drastic and sudden drop in egg production.
  • Eggs with thin shells.
  • Reduction in feed consumption and reduced weight gains.
  • Abnormal behaviour.
  • Altered immune system and decreased resistance to pathogens.

Safety & Suitability Questions

Mycotoxicosis could be at cause if disease outbreaks exhibit the following characteristics:

  • If the cause is not readily identifiable.
  • If the condition does not appear to be transmissible.
  • When treatment with antibiotics has little effect.
  • When the problem is associated with certain batches of feed.

Adding Torbeed Liquid in drinking water for poultry is the preferred method. Birds will always drink, even when their feed intake is reduced due to stress or disease. Additionally, hot climates depress appetite. For instance, birds will eat about 12% less on average at a temperature of 28°C than at 20°C.

In climates where ambient temperatures are higher than 22°C and relative humidity is higher than 50%, appetite can be considerably depressed. Typically, in these conditions, birds drink more and eat less.

As birds never stop drinking, even when they are sick, using drinking water as a medication route ensures consistent ingestion.

It is not recommended to use Torbeed Liquid simultaneously with antibiotics, as the efficacy of the antibiotics can be reduced. This may cause slower recovery and higher dosages of antibiotics than normally required.

If you are treating birds for both aflatoxin poisoning and a disease where antibiotics will be administered, we recommend treatment with Torbeed Liquid first. Once symptoms of the aflatoxin poisoning are reduced, stop Torbeed application and commence antibiotic treatment.

Application Questions

Add 100mL of Torbeed Liquid per 1000L of drinking water (equivalent to 20mL Torbeed Liquid per 200L water). Continue for 7 to 10 days or until the mould and fungi infections have ceased.

For more information, please review the Product Label.